Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam
Geographic Co-ordinates: 35 00 N, 105 00 E
Area: slightly smaller than the US.
World's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak
total: 9 596 960 sq km
land: 9 326 410 sq km
water: 270 550 sq km
lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m
highest point: Mount Everest 8850 m
Land boundaries: total: 22 117 km
border countries: Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2185 km, India 3380 km, Kazakhstan 1533 km, North Korea 1416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4677 km, Nepal 1236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1281 km
regional borders: Hong Kong 30 km, Macau 0.34 km
Coastline: 14 500 km
Climate: extremely diverse - tropical in south to subarctic in north
Terrain: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east
Natural Resources: coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)
Facts About the Nation
Population: 1,306,313,812 (July 2005 est.)
Country Name: conventional long form: People's Republic of China
conventional short form: China
local long form: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
local short form: Zhongguo
Government: Communist state
Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
Religions: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslim 1%-2%, Christian 3%-4%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Life Expectancy: 72.27 years
Independence: 221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Manchu Dynasty replaced by a Republic); 1 October 1949 (People's Republic established)
National Holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)
Flag: red with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars (arranged in a vertical arc toward the middle of the flag) in the upper hoist-side corner
Currency: yuan (CNY)
note:: also referred to as the Renminbi (RMB)
Currency Exchange: see the latest currency exchange rate on www.xe.com.
Labour force by Occupation: agriculture 49%, industry 22%, services 29% (2003 est.)
Agriculture: rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed, pork, fish
Industries: mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals; coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles and satellites
All information provided by The World Fact Book.
All visitors to China must carry a valid passport with accompanying visa. Due to tightened visa policy, travellers may be required to undergo a personal interview. Tourist visas are issued only after receipt of a confirmation letter from your tour agency.
> Passport must be valid 6 months beyond intended stay, and have one remaining blank page in it.
> Tickets and Documents for return or onward travel.
> One completed Visa Application Form with one passport photo (black and white or colour is acceptable).
> An applicant who was born in China is required to submit his/her Chinese passport or last foreign passport with a Chinese visa when he or she applies for a Chinese visa with a new foreign passport.
Be aware that it is your responsibility to ensure you have the correct documentation completed to enter China, and incorrect documents may cause you delays, that affect you starting your tour.
For more detailed information, read the Visa Section on the Chinese Embassy USA website.
Travellers from the United States can also consult the Travel.State.Gov website: http://www.travel.state.gov.
This information is correct at time of publishing. Travellers should always contact their nearest embassy or foreign office, and travel agent to confirm all their requirements for visas, vaccinations and passports.